英語語法點整理 1.人稱代詞 主格： I we you she he it they 賓格： me us you her him it them 形容詞性物主代詞：my our your her his its their 名詞性物主代詞： mine ours yours hers his its theirs 2.形容詞和副詞的比較級 (1) 一般在形容詞或副詞后+er older taller longer stronger, etc (2) 多音節詞前+more more interesting, etc. (3) 雙寫最后一個字母，再+er bigger fatter, etc. (4) 把y變i，再+er heavier, earlier (5) 不規則變化： well-better, much/many-more, etc. 3.可數詞的復數形式 Most nouns + s a book –books Nouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—stories Nouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watches Nouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoes Nouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves 4.不可數名詞(單復數形式不變) bread, rice, water ,juice etc. 5. 縮略形式 I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he is it’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc 6. a/an a book, a peach an egg an hour 7. Preposition: on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind. 表示時間： at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfast on Monday on 15th July On National Day in the evening in December in winter 8. 基數詞和序數詞 one – first two-second twenty-twentieth 9. Some /any I have some toys in my bedroom. Do you have any brothers or sisters? 10. be 動詞 (1) Basic form: am/are/is (2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London. My eyes are(not) small. My hair is(not) long. （3）一般疑問句： Am I a Chniese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t. Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t. 11. there be 結構 肯定句： There is a … There are … 一般疑問句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t. Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t. 否定句： There isn’t …. There aren’t…. 12. 祈使句 Sit down please Don’t sit down, please. 13. 現在進行時.通常用“now”. 形式： be + verb +ing eg: I am(not) doing my homework. You/We/They are(not) reading. He/She/It is(not) eating. 動詞 —ing 的形式 Most verbs +ing walk—walking Verbs ending in e -e + ing come—coming Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimming 14 一般現在時。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。 肯定句： I go to school on foot every day. She goes to school on foot every day. 一般疑問句: Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. 否定句： We don’t go to school on Sundays. My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening. 15. (情態)動詞can,must, should 后面直接用動詞原形。 eg: 1. I / He / She / They can sing. 2．You should keep quiet in the library. 16. 一般過去時態 （a） be 動詞的過去式: I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were…. 一般疑問句was, were 放在句首。 （b） 動詞過去式： 肯定句： I watched cartoons. She visited the zoo. 一般疑問句： Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t. 否定句： They didn’t go the the part yesterday. He didn’t make model ships last week. (3)動詞過去式的變化： 規則動詞的變化： Most verbs +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed。 Verbs ending in e +d eg liked。 Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied eg : study—studied Short verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant eg: stop --stopped 不規則動詞的變化： is/am—was,are—were,do—did,have/has—had,make—made,fly-flew/u:/ eat—ate,take—took,run—ran,sing—sang,drink—drank 等等 17. “Wh-” questions. What are you doing? What colour is it? Which is your watch, the yellow one or the white one? How much is the toy bear?